Emergency management is a disaster plan that prepares risk management and helps in mitigation. In emergency management there is a cycle of prevention & mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery.
An emergency plan focuses on measures essential for protecting life and property. It’s a document that outlines responsibilities, expresses authorities and relationships, explains how you will protect people and property, identifies the resources needed and contains a detailed mitigation strategy.
It’s important that emergency plans take an all-hazard approach and understands the dangers in and around your organization. Things you will want to consider would be your geographical location. Don’t waste your time preparing for hazards such as tsunamis if they don’t occur in your region. Prepare an area hazards assessment that includes the probability of the occurrences and the impact they will have.
Prevention. It is important to remember that you cannot prevent what you do not see coming. Look at ways to prevent exposures to hazardous materials to those who work in the facility. For example, if there is a blizzard cancel activities to prevent car accidents and injury of employees and clients. Emergency plans should focus more on prevention than response.
Mitigation. Many times mitigation options require decision making which means that some training may be involved. Not every scenario will have one solution. The important thing to remember is that all decisions should try to eliminate or reduce the loss of life and property by lessening the impact of the event or emergency.
Response. What are your facilities capabilities to stabilize an event or emergency? This could be as simple as having individuals trained in first aid or fire extinguisher training. The last thing you want to do is have a fire within the facility, pull the alarm, and just wait for the fire department to come while your facility burns and your employees could be injured or in danger.
Although emergency plans cannot cover every scenario, having a plan in place can prevent many events from occurring and mitigate the loss of people and property.